The plow is one of the most important farming tools. It originally was wooden and short with an iron plowshare and later long, to be pulled by more animals and to facilitate the work. The plow is the oldest tool and has been used in Greece since 4.000 B.C. References to the wooden plow are made in the work of Hesiod (Works and Days, 458-364). The wooden plow was replaced in the 19th century by the iron plow.
The plow consists of the following parts:
Plowshare: It is the iron edge that digs the soil. Landside: It is the main body of the plow, on which the plowshare is secured
The landside is dragged behind the plowshare in the furrow. Moldboards: They are two uniform iron parts attached on the left and right of the share. They are used for the digging of the furrow. Handles: Handles are the parts that end vertically at the rear of the landside. The plow is held and steered by its handles. Regulator: It is placed at the bottom of the handles. This part has holes through which the landside is secured. The regulator adjusts the digging depth of the furrows. Clevis: It is a long wood or iron connecting the landside with the yoke. Beam: the arched wooden part that connects and secures the landside, clevis and handles. Braces: It’s an iron section that is attached to the share and handles and stabilizes the plow.