Corn and Legumes Cultivation
Corn or maize is a cultivation of spring that follows the same procedures as those of cereals. More specifically, in late February the plowing of the land takes place, while sowing occurs in April. Then weeding and hoeing follows to remove dangerous weeds, and watering. When the time of maturity approaches, and leaves start to turn yellow, the cutting of the plant flower takes place.
The harvest starts in the end of August. The maize ears are put into small and large wicker baskets. Afterwards the maize ears are placed in piles on threshing floorsuntil they dry.
Then the husking of the kernels from the whole family or, in other words, the peeling of the husks off the ears of corn follows. The clean corn ears are then spread out for several days on the threshing floor or a reed mat in order to sun dry and until all moisture has been removed. Τhe procedure is complete with shelling, the removal of the corn kernels from the cob with the following three methods: by hand, an especially strenuous process, by rubbing an ear with a corncob, which cause the kernels to come off, and the beating of a large pile of corn.
Legumes are plants with flowers that look like butterflies, such as lupins and beans.
Lupins are grown at flatlands or hilly areas, usually at fields in fallow. Neither plowing nor fertilizing is required. Lupins are harvested before and after the wheat harvest with a sickle and are gathered in piles on threshing floors. Then the separation takes place with the methods of winnowing and grinding. The grains are stored into jute sacks while the rest of the plant becomes animal feed.
Mung bean cultivation took place in mid-June with sowing and ended in September. Cultivation included the following steps: plowing, harrowing, sowing of the bean, watering (3-4 times per 25 days), harvesting by uprooting the plant, and husking of the grain. Mung bean farming disappeared during the 1980s due to its high cost.