The best-known walnuts in Messinia grow in the area of Alagonia, which is located at Mountain Taygetos at an altitude of 700 meters. The main cultivated varieties are Franquette and Chandler. Walnuts can be used in meat and vegetable dishes while they offer a distinctive taste in soups and salads. Desserts such as baclavas and walnut pie owe their superb flavor to walnuts.


Walnuts are a good source of vegetable protein and fat as half to two thirds of their weight consists of fat. Furthermore, walnuts have one of the highest content in omega-3 fatty acids while the ratio of linoleic acid (omega-6 fatty acid) to alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3 fatty acid) is 4:1. Walnuts are rich in vitamins A, B and E as well as folic acid, the adequate intake of which is essential for women during their first months of pregnancy or who intend to become pregnant. Walnuts are also a good source of non-heme iron, necessary for the development of red cells, and potassium, which helps control blood pressure and reduce cardiovascular risk.
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